Health Choices

Types of Schizophrenia



I know you have heard the term, but did you know there are various types of schizophrenia? This article provides a brief summary on the types of schizophrenia, but the link at the bottom of the page provides an in depth review.

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This article deals with
Schizophrenia, mental illness, schizophrenic

Catatonic type schizophrenia

Patients with this subtype of Schizophrenia may exhibit extremes
of behavior including catatonia. Some may allow their posture to
be rearranged, holding the new position (catalepsy or waxy
flexibility). Others may imitate sounds (echolalia) or movements
(echopraxia) of others. At times, some patients may explode into
an excited, activated state marked by purposeless ad repetitive
The catatonic type is rare today, and probably reflected an
advanced stage of schizophrenia before the advent of modern
treatment methods.

Disorganized type schizophrenia

A form of schizophrenia that is characterized by a disorganized
behavior and disorganized speech. Their affect may be flat or
This type involves a disturbance in behavior, communication, and
thought. Usually these patients show a variety of eccentric
characteristics such as unusual clothing or peculiar gestures.

Paranoid type schizophrenia

Delusions and auditory hallucinations predominate in patients with
this subtype of schizophrenia while their affective and cognitive
functioning remains relatively intact. This type of patient often has
highly elaborate delusions of persecution or personal grandeur.
However, the patient may appear rather normal until he or she
becomes entangled in typical argumentativeness and

Residual type schizophrenia

A form of schizophrenia that is characterized by a previous
diagnosis of schizophrenia, but no longer having any of the
prominent psychotic symptoms. There are some remaining
symptoms of the disorder however, such as eccentric behavior,
emotional blunting, illogical thinking, or social withdrawal.

In the residual type of schizophrenia, the patient has had at least
one episode of schizophrenia. If delusions or hallucinations are
present, they are not prominent, and are not accompanied by
strong affect.

Undifferentiated type schizophrenia

This subtype of schizophrenia applies to patients who fail to meet
the criteria for the other subtypes but clearly suffer from this
mental disorder.
The patient suffers from pronounced psychotic symptoms, which
may not fit in any other specific category or more than one.