The article summarizes information about the most common birth control options
available today. From birth control pills to cervical caps and diaphragms, to
birth control implants and injections, women now have more options in preventing unwanted
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This article deals with
birth control options
Today, there are a lot of available birth control options for women to choose from. But before
picking the right one, a woman must know more about these birth control options, and think about
what is best for her current health condition, as well as her lifestyle. From understanding all
the pros and cons of each method, to choosing what’s best and right for her needs — interested
women should look further and deeper than the packaging of the product, or from word of mouth.
Next to the condom, the most commonly used birth control option would be birth control pills.
This usually contains both estrogen and progesterone to suppress ovulation. The pill is something
that needs to be taken everyday for approximately the same time everyday. There are also options
with regards to the pill. Some only contain progesterone, given to post-partum women or those who
have trouble in tolerating estrogen. But due to lack of estrogen, this pill has a slightly lower
efficacy rate compared to the normal pill containing both hormones. The latest versions of the
pills have fewer side effects as compared to older ones. Old version contraceptive pills have
side effects such as acne, weight gain, bloating, and nausea. On the positive side, birth control
pills reduce painful periods, heavy menstrual bleeding, and ovarian cysts. If taken properly,
these pills have a very good rate of effectiveness in pregnancy prevention.
Another birth control option for women would be the use of birth control implants. The most
common of which is Norplant, which are small matchstick like implants that are surgically placed
inside a woman’s upper arm. These implants contain progesterone and can be left in for up to five
years. The advantage of this option is that one does not have to take it everyday, but its
disadvantages include headaches, irregular menstrual bleeding, nausea, and dizziness.
Depo-Provera injection is another birth control option that only contains progesterone, and is
given every 12 weeks. As compared to the previous birth control pills and Norplant implants, both
the advantages and disadvantages are quite similar. But one relevant disadvantage for
Depo-Provera is that it can take up to six months to a year before one’s fertility and menstrual
cycle goes back to normal after using the said method. Vasectomy, on the other hand, is a
surgical procedure that is performed on men to prevent their semen from coming out during
ejaculation. Usually done by an urologist, this is a relatively easy procedure. The patient can
go home after a very short stay in the clinic or hospital. Considered to be a fairly permanent
birth control, attempting to reverse such a procedure is not always successful.
Cervical caps are very similar to the diaphragm but are smaller and covers the opening of the
uterus to prevent pregnancy. The advantage of this birth control option is that one can insert it
anywhere from 30 minutes to 48 hours prior to intercourse. Meanwhile, diaphragms are silicone,
round shaped semi-dome materials that are smeared with spermicide. It is inserted into the
vagina. This does not contain any hormones, but inserting it can cause an interruption during
From caps to pills, injections and implants, women can now choose what birth control option is
best for them and their lifestyle. Remember to consult with the doctor for more information
regarding the safety and effectiveness of these various contraceptive options.